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Wednesday, 15 June 2011

"Final Analysis"

salam and hai everbody, 

     Today is last our to share information with you all. We be miss your out there. This is our last assigement post for OPen Source. For this enrty we, will compile all topic that we had learn in our clases. Form the first enrty we know that Linux is connected to GNU project.  Learn linux is more intetersting to have distribution like Fedora, Redhat, Ubuntu. and soon on .Many benefis if try to learn about linux.Sometimes, we still not undertstand with the linux interface, but  we try to understand it that make we  more learn it .Importanthing about linux is a about term of FREE. What is free? that we want to mean is that software  is are " Software all people can get free zero price ". Finally we hope in the future, more poeple want to learn about linux. ...Thanks to lectuer, family , friends for supporting us..to make this blog. :)

Sunday, 5 June 2011

" Blogger and Forum"

     Hai all reader,  we want share litte information with you all. Today entry is about blogger and some forum that  make information about Open Source. We started from Open Source Lover .Its simple and reader can understand and people
 can make it as a reference.   
For the next  blog is Open Source Software 
and Selipar - techno, Junior Open Source this all
 blog had thier own feature.
 Diffrerent blogger with the diffrerent story
 about they share same information with reader.   
    Next is forum that gave information
 about Open Source:

1 ) Military. net 

2) Linux Forum

3) Linux Server information 

4 ) Linux 

 Hopefully we had help you to find or search for
 looking information 
and hellping your to find
 forum and blogger that had make
 information about linux.

thnks to : Open source lover, Open source software, 
Selipar-Techno. and http://crunchbanglinux.org/. for the informationn  :)

Friday, 3 June 2011

"what is good in Open Source and How to Promote It?

        Hye there ...From the information we give to you. We  has been shared with the public about the history and the advantages of Open Source.   Open source  not only can been see can be changed, viewed, and can distribute back also. It been part our responsible as student and human so shared information with you.  Many step and things for you to interest to open source:

1) You can try to look to thier interface.
The gnome dekstop. It different with windows.Ever OS had thier own system.

 2) For the beginner you can try learn with the book guide :



3) You can  learn new enviroment that different in other OS system .

thanks to -->>http://www.amazon.com/dp/1593271182?tag=unixtutorialf-20&camp=14573&creative=327641&linkCode=as1&creativeASIN=1593271182&adid=0Y5N6P2ABKBQJRRGM5E3&

Wednesday, 1 June 2011

' Item that free in Open Source"

Do you know that open source can have free item ?...
This is a little information that we wan to share with you :

1.  Alternative terms for free software have been a controversial issue among free software users from the late 1990s onwards.
-1983 by Richard Stallman, "free software".

2. Alternatives for "free software" were sought for marketing purposes and because of a perceived "moralising and confrontational" attitude that had been associated with the term.
- The "available at no cost" ambiguity of the word "free" was seen as discouraging business adoption.

3.Those at the meeting described "open source" as a "replacement label" for free software and Open Source Initiative was soon-after founded by Eric Raymond and Bruce Perens to promote the term as part of "a marketing program for free software

4.The terms "free software" and "open source software" has fans and critics. Partly because of the failure to adopt one specific term, other terms have been proposed:

- These include
  a) "Software Libre" (or libre software),
   b) "FLOSS" (Free/Libre/Open Source Software),
   c ) "FOSS" (or F/OSS, Free and Open Source Software).

   ** These terms share almost identical licence criteria and development practices.**

tq for this site for sharing information --> http:wiki/Alternative_terms_for_free_software

Tuesday, 31 May 2011

"Advantages Of The open source SOftware"

         Most  operating system had their on specialitis  and now many type opearting system like MAC,LINUX, and WINDOWS . In thier type had thier own advantages. For the linux, advantages  is organisational benefits from the use of Open Source Software :

    ♫♫♫  Reliability ♫♫♫
         Reliability is a loose term. Broadly, we can take it to mean the absence of defects which cause incorrect operation, data loss or sudden failures, perhaps what many people would mean when they use the term `bug'. Strictly, a bug would also mean failure to meet the specification, but since most Open Source projects dispense with the concept of anything easily recognisable as a formal specification, it's hard to point to that as good way of defining what is a bug and what is a feature.

  ♫♫♫  Stability ♫♫♫
                In a business environment software is mostly a necessary evil, a tool to do a job. Unless the job changes or more efficient processes are discovered then there is rarely pressure or need to alter the software that is being used to assist the task. This is more or less directly counter to what motivates software vendors who are in the unenviable position of supplying a commodity that does not wear out or age much. 

   ♫♫♫ Auditability ♫♫♫
              A rarely-understood benefit of Open Source software (any software where the source code is published) is its auditability. Closed-source software forces its users to trust the vendor when claims are made for qualities such as security, freedom from backdoors, adherence to standards and flexibility in the face of future changes. If the source code is not available those claims remain simply claims.

♫♫♫ Cost ♫♫♫
        Confusion around the commonly used term `free software'. Regrettably the English language does not have separate concepts for free-of-charge and free as in unconstrained; other languages are better equipped to describe the difference between `freedom' and `free of charge' (libre vs. gratis). 

     ♫♫♫ Flexibility and Freedom ♫♫♫
            In a business context, software flexibility is about being able to choose solutions suitable for the needs of the users. Many commercial software products will claim flexibility as a built-in feature and some will undoubtedly be correct.

      ♫♫♫  Support and Accountability ♫♫♫
                It may appear counter-intuitive at first, especially to someone used only to dealing with proprietary software, but whilst the models for obtaining support and accountability for Open Source software are clearly different, the Open Source outcome is generally better than for all but unusual cases of user-vendor relationships.

History of Open source

     The concept of open source and free sharing of technological information existed long before computers. For example, cooking recips  have been shared since the beginning of human culture. Open source can pertain to businesses and to computers, software and technology.

        The free sofware movement was launched in 1983. In 1998, a group of individuals advocated that the term free sofftware should be replaced by open source software (OSS) as an expression which is less ambiguous and more comfortable for the corporate world.Software developers may want to publish their software with an open software license, so that anybody may also develop the same software or understand its internal functioning. Open source software generally allows anyone to create modifications of the software, port it to new operating systems and processor architectures, share it with others or, in some cases, market it. Scholars Casson and Ryan have pointed out several policy-based reasons for adoption of open source, in particular, the heightened value proposition from open source (when compared to most proprietary formats) in the following categories:
  • Security
  • Affordability
  • Transparency
  • Perpetuity
  • Interoperability
  • Localisation.
Particularly in the context of local governments (who make software decisions), Casson and Ryan argue that "governments have an inherent responsibility and fiduciary duty to taxpayers" which includes the careful analysis of these factors when deciding to purchase proprietary software or implement an open-source option.
The Open Source Definiton, notably, presents an open source philosophy, and further defines the terms of usage, modification and redistribution of open source software. Sofgrant rights to users which would otherwise be reserved by copyright law to the copyright holder. Several open source software licenses have qualified within the boundaries of the Open Source Definition. The most prominent and popular example is the GNU General Public License (GPL), which “allows free distribution under the condition that further developments and applications are put under the same licence” – thus also free. While open source distribution presents a way to make the source code of a product publicly accessible, the open source licenses allow the authors to fine tune such access.
The open source label came out of a strategy session held on April 7, 1998 in Palo Alto in reaction to Netscape January 1998 announcement of a source code release for Navigator (as Mozilla). A group of individuals at the session included, , Tom Paquin, Greg Olson,  and. They used the opportunity before the release of Navigator's source code to clarify a potential confusion caused by the ambiguity of the word "free" in.
Many people claimed that the birth of, since 1969, started the open source movement, while others do not distinguish between open source and free software movements.
The  (FSF), started in 1985, intended the word "free" to mean freedom to distribute (or "free as in free speech") and not freedom from cost (or "free as in free beer"). Since a great deal of free software already was (and still is) free of charge, such free software became associated with zero cost, which seemed anti-commercial.
The  (OSI) was formed in February 1998 by Eric S. Raymond and. With at least 20 years of evidence from case histories of closed software development versus open development already provided by the Internet developer community, the OSI presented the 'open source' case to commercial businesses, like Netscape. The OSI hoped that the usage of the label "open source," a term suggested by Peterson of the  at the strategy session, would eliminate ambiguity, particularly for individuals who perceive "free software" as anti-commercial. They sought to bring a higher profile to the practical benefits of freely available source code, and they wanted to bring major software businesses and other high-tech industries into open source. Perens attempted to register "open source" as a  for the OSI, but that attempt was impractical by  standards. Meanwhile, due to the presentation of Raymond's paper to the upper management at Netscape—Raymond only discovered when he read the, and was called by Netscape CEO Jim Barksdale's PA later in the day—Netscape released its Navigator source code as open source, with favorable results.

Monday, 30 May 2011

Open Source

  Do your know what is open source?
                  Open source technology is a Open source software based around the idea that the user can not only view, but change the source code of an application. In other is. Open Source also   be bulid in public collaborative manner. Additional informtion, Open source can know as not mean in source code but also can know as below:
 1. Free Redistribution
 The license shall not require a royalty or other fee for such sale.
2. Source Code
The program must include source code, and must allow distribution in source code as well as compiled form.
3. Derived Works
The license must allow modifications and derived works, and must allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original software.
4. Integrity of the Author's Source Code
The license may restrict source-code from being distributed in modified form only if the license allows the distribution of "patch files" with the source code for the purpose of modifying the program at build time.
5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups
The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons.
6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor.
The license must not restrict anyone from making use of the program in a specific field of endeavor. For example, it may not restrict the program from being used in a business, or from being used for genetic research.
7. Distribution of License
The rights attached to the program must apply to all to whom the program is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.
8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product
The rights attached to the program must not depend on the program's being part of a particular software distribution.